Tuesday, August 10, 2004

Using X headers with Exchange

X-headers are user defined fields that can (and are) inserted into a mail header that can serve a number of roles and purposes. Some common ones that are used are x-mailer which descibes the name of the software used to send that email and x-scl which is used to store the IMF SCL value when a message is archived to the ucearchive directory by the IMF (note this is not used to pass the SCL between servers this is done though the xexch50 blob during message transfer).

If you want to make use of a x-header in a Exchange sink or CDO script its pretty easy. First off all you need to know is what the name of the x-header is. If your not sure i find the best way to find out is to look at a serial version of the email. For this you can save the message to a eml file using a script like this and then open the eml file in notepad.

set msgobj = createobject("CDO.Message")
msgobj.datasource.open mailurl
set stm = msgobj.getstream()
stm.savetofile "d:\myemail.eml"

Once you know what the X header field name is to retrieve or set a X header in a sink or script all you need to do is append the name of the x header to urn:schemas:mailheader: . For example one way of telling if a email is a delivery report of some sort is to see if X-DSNContext is set in the header of a message for example

set msgobj = createobject("CDO.Message")
msgobj.datasource.open mailurl

if msgobj.fields("urn:schemas:mailheader:X-DSNContext") <> "" then
Wscript.echo "Delivery Report"
Wscript.echo "Normal"
end if

If you want to create your own X-header in a SMTP event sink (say you wanted this to be processed by another sink somewhere else). It would look like this

Sub ISMTPOnArrival_OnArrival(ByVal Msg, EventStatus )

on error resume next
msg.fields("urn:schemas:mailheader:X-myfield") = "Email-Okay"

End Sub


careto said...


First of all let me congratulate you on this great blog on exchange.

Im going to try and elaborate the idea behind this post.

I have a relay server wich stamps my messages with the letters [SPAM] on the subject.

My ideas was to write an exchange event sink so it could catch all e-mail sent from the relay and store it on the user Junk folder for post processing.

I'm quite limited on programming but i've tried a couple of things with vbscript using CDO. I can in fact write to the message header and subject but i cant move it to the junk folder on the outlook 2003 client.

Exchange is configured to process all messages even from authenticated users and i've tried using smtp and imap, owa and outlook 2003.

Hope you can give me some light on the subject.



Glen said...

There are two ways that you can do what your trying to do the first is using a Store Event Sink. There are two types of Event sinks with Exchange Smtp event sinks and Store event sinks you can get more information about Store event sinks (onsave and onsyncsave) in the Exchange SDK. You might also be interest in www.ivasoft.biz/spammover.html which is already a compiled and debugged version of a sink that can do this. If you want to roll you own look into using the moverecord in the SDK.

The other method of doing this is using a Server Side rule. You can use rule.dll in a script. I posted about this before have a look at http://gsexdev.blogspot.com/2005/02/creating-one-off-scl-rules-with.html