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Showing how much whitepace is in your database via script

Continuing on from some of my last weeks entries,

When the Information Store maintenance process runs it logs to the windows eventlogs the results of its retention and de-fragmentation operations. More importantly it tells you how much space is held in deleted item retention (and how much it just released). How much space is held in deleted mailbox retention and how much it just released. And finally how much free-space there is in the database after the online de-fragmentation has just run.

So what this script does is query AD for all the mail and public folder stores in your domain. Then it querys each servers event log for 3 specific events that contain the details of the 3 maintenance operations and then parses the result out of that text and displays the result at the commandline. Event “1221” is logged after an online de-fragmentation is run on a mailbox or public folder store. Event “1027” is logged after the deleted item retention cleanup is done and the result of starting and ending size and numbers is logged. Event “9535” is logged after the deleted mailbox cleanup is run and logs the number and size of deleted mailboxes retained and purged.

To identify each mailstore within the eventlog exchange uses a format storagegroup\mailboxstore. This format isn’t stored in Active directory anywhere (easy) so I had to build it from the Active Directory DN path. This should all work fine as long as you don’t have any “,” in your mailstore name (this is going to break the split).

I’ve post a downloadable copy of the script here

The code looks like

set conn = createobject("ADODB.Connection")
set com = createobject("ADODB.Command")
Set iAdRootDSE = GetObject("LDAP://RootDSE")
strNameingContext = iAdRootDSE.Get("configurationNamingContext")
rangeStep = 999
lowRange = 0
highRange = lowRange + rangeStep
Conn.Provider = "ADsDSOObject"
Conn.Open "ADs Provider"
mbQuery = ";(objectCategory=msExchPrivateMDB);name,distinguishedName;subtree"
pfQuery = ";(objectCategory=msExchPublicMDB);name,distinguishedName;subtree"
Com.ActiveConnection = Conn
Com.CommandText = mbQuery
Set Rs = Com.Execute
Wscript.echo "Mailbox Stores"
Wscript.echo
While Not Rs.EOF
objmailstorename = "LDAP://" & Rs.Fields("distinguishedName")
set objmailstore = getObject(objmailstorename)
servername = mid(objmailstore.msExchOwningServer,4,instr(objmailstore.msExchOwningServer,",")-4)
dnarray = split(Rs.Fields("distinguishedName"),",",-1,1)
sgname = mid(dnarray(1),4) & "\" & mid(dnarray(0),4)
Dbfreespace = queryeventlog(servername,sgname,"1221")
Wscript.echo Rs.Fields("name") & " Freespace after Defrag : " & Dbfreespace
Dbreten = queryeventlog(servername,sgname,"1207")
mbreten = queryeventlog(servername,sgname,"9535")
wscript.echo
Rs.MoveNext

Wend
Wscript.echo "Public Folder Stores"
Wscript.echo
Com.CommandText = pfQuery
Set Rs1 = Com.Execute
While Not Rs1.EOF
objmailstorename = "LDAP://" & Rs1.Fields("distinguishedName")
set objmailstore = getObject(objmailstorename)
servername = mid(objmailstore.msExchOwningServer,4,instr(objmailstore.msExchOwningServer,",")-4)
dnarray1 = split(Rs1.Fields("distinguishedName"),",",-1,1)
sgname = mid(dnarray1(1),4) & "\" & mid(dnarray1(0),4)
Dbfreespace = queryeventlog(servername,sgname,"1221")
Wscript.echo Rs1.Fields("name") & " Freespace after Defrag : " & Dbfreespace
Dbreten = queryeventlog(servername,sgname,"1207")
wscript.echo
Rs1.MoveNext

Wend
Rs.Close
Rs1.close
Conn.Close
Set Rs = Nothing
Set Rs1 = Nothing
Set Com = Nothing
Set Conn = Nothing


function queryeventlog(servername,sgname,event2s)
SB = 0
dtmStartDate = CDate(Date) - 7
dtmStartDate = Year(dtmStartDate) & Right( "00" & Month(dtmStartDate), 2) & Right( "00" & Day(dtmStartDate), 2)
Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" & servername & "\root\cimv2")
Set colLoggedEvents = objWMIService.ExecQuery("Select * from Win32_NTLogEvent Where Logfile='Application' and Eventcode = '" & event2s & "' and TimeWritten >= '" & dtmStartDate & "' ",,48)
For Each objEvent in colLoggedEvents
SB = 1
Time_Written = objEvent.TimeWritten
Time_Written = left(Time_Written,(instr(Time_written,".")-1))
if instr(objEvent.Message,sgname) then
if event2s = "1221" then
queryeventlog = Mid(objEvent.Message,InStr(15,objEvent.Message,chr(34))+6,(InStr(1,objEvent.Message,"megabytes")-1)-(InStr(15,objEvent.Message,chr(34))+6))
else
if event2s = "1207" then
StartItems = Mid(objEvent.Message,InStr(82,objEvent.Message,chr(34))+13,(InStr(82,objEvent.Message,"items;")-(InStr(82,objEvent.Message,chr(34))+14)))
StartSize = Mid(objEvent.Message,(InStr(objEvent.Message,"items;")+7),InStr((InStr(objEvent.Message,"items;")+7),objEvent.Message," ")-(InStr(objEvent.Message,"items;")+7))
End_Items = Mid(objEvent.Message,(InStr(objEvent.Message,"End:")+5),InStr((InStr(objEvent.Message,"End:")+5),objEvent.Message," ")-(InStr(objEvent.Message,"End:")+5))
End_Size = Mid(objEvent.Message,(InStr((InStr(objEvent.Message,"End:")+5),objEvent.Message,"items;")+7),InStr((InStr((InStr(objEvent.Message,"End:")+5),objEvent.Message,"items;")+7),objEvent.Message," ")-(InStr((InStr(objEvent.Message,"End:")+5),objEvent.Message,"items;")+7))
Wscript.echo "Retained StartItems : " & StartItems & " StartSize : " & formatnumber(StartSize/1024,2)
Wscript.echo "Retained EndItems : " & End_Items & " EndSize : " & formatnumber(End_Size/1024,2)
else
Deleted_Number = Mid(objEvent.Message,InStr(88,objEvent.Message,".")+5,InStr(88,objEvent.Message,"deleted")-1-(InStr(88,objEvent.Message,".")+5))
Deleted_Size = Mid(objEvent.Message,(InStr(88,objEvent.Message,"deleted")+19),InStr(InStr(88,objEvent.Message,"deleted")+19,objEvent.Message," ")-(InStr(88,objEvent.Message,"deleted")+19))
Retained_Number = Mid(objEvent.Message,InStr(88,objEvent.Message,"removed.")+12,InStr(InStr(88,objEvent.Message,"removed.")+8,objEvent.Message,"deleted")-(InStr(88,objEvent.Message,"removed.")+12))
Retained_Size = Mid(objEvent.Message,InStr((InStr(88,objEvent.Message,"removed.")+8),objEvent.Message,"mailboxes")+11,InStr(InStr((InStr(88,objEvent.Message,"removed.")+8),objEvent.Message,"mailboxes")+11,objEvent.Message," ")-(InStr((InStr(88,objEvent.Message,"removed.")+8),objEvent.Message,"mailboxes")+11))
wscript.echo "Number of Deleted Mailboxs Removed : " & Deleted_Number & " Size : " & formatnumber(Deleted_Size/1024,2)
wscript.echo "Number of Deleted Mailboxs Retained : " & Retained_Number & " Size : " & formatnumber(Retained_Size/1024,2)
end if
end if
exit for
end if
next
if SB = 0 then queryeventlog = "No Backup recorded in the last 7 Days"
end function

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All sample scripts and source code is provided by for illustrative purposes only. All examples are untested in different environments and therefore, I cannot guarantee or imply reliability, serviceability, or function of these programs.

All code contained herein is provided to you "AS IS" without any warranties of any kind. The implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose are expressly disclaimed.