Wednesday, May 10, 2006

Change the Journal Recipient for an Exchange Store with CDOEXM via a Script

I’ve been asked the above question a few times by different people and although there is nothing in the Exchange SDK about this someone pointed me to an the following KB article that shows how to do this in C++. This being a little unfriendly for us mere mortals I put the following script together to hopefully make things a little easier. To reduce the need to go in to ADSI edit and get the DN name of the store object and the user object you want to switch journaling to I put some ADSI queries that will find the store in Active directory based on the stores friendly name (display name in ESM) and the another query that will find the user based on there logon name (samaccountname). The script to change the journal recipient is pretty basic it uses the iMailboxStoreDB interface to change the msExchMessageJournalRecipient Active directory property via the field’s property. Although you could probably do this directly via ADSI it’s probably advisable to stick to CDOEXM. The one thing to note about the msExchMessageJournalRecipient Active directory property as stated in this
“ This attributes are read and cached by Directory Service Access (DSAccess), which is the local directory cache on each Exchange server. DSAccess is updated every 15 minutes; therefore, any configuration change you make to these attributes takes no more than 15 minutes to update on the local Exchange computer (you must also take into account replication for multiple domains).”

To run the script you must pass in three commandline parameters the first parameter is the servername where the store is you want to run this against. The second parameter is the displyaname of the store in ESM eg for the default store it would be Mailbox Store (servername) if there are spaces in the store name you need to make sure you enclose the name is double quotes. The last commandline parameter required is the logonname of the account you want to be the journal recipient (make sure you use the samaccountname not a UPN). So to run the script to change the journal recipient on the default mailstore on a server to a useraccount jrnlaccount it would look like

Cscript chjrnrecpv1.vbs servername “Mailbox Store (Servername)” jrnlaccount

I put a downloadable copy of the script here the code itself looks like

Servername = wscript.arguments(0)
set conn = createobject("ADODB.Connection")
set com = createobject("ADODB.Command")
Set iAdRootDSE = GetObject("LDAP://RootDSE")
strNameingContext = iAdRootDSE.Get("configurationNamingContext")
strDefaultNamingContext = iAdRootDSE.Get("defaultNamingContext")
Conn.Provider = "ADsDSOObject"
Conn.Open "ADs Provider"
svcQuery = ";(&(objectCategory=msExchExchangeServer)(cn=" & Servername & "));cn,name,distinguishedName;subtree"
Com.ActiveConnection = Conn
Com.CommandText = svcQuery
Set snrs = Com.Execute
mbQuery = ";(&(&(objectCategory=msExchPrivateMDB)(msExchOwningServer=" & snrs.fields("distinguishedName") & ")(cn=" & wscript.arguments(1) & ")));name,distinguishedName;subtree"
Com.ActiveConnection = Conn
Com.CommandText = mbQuery
Set Rs = Com.Execute
While Not Rs.EOF
exStoreDN = "LDAP://" & rs.fields("distinguishedName")
if exStoreDN = "" then wscript.echo "No Store Found"
usrQuery = ";(mailnickname=" & wscript.arguments(2) & ");name,distinguishedName;subtree"
Com.ActiveConnection = Conn
Com.CommandText = usrQuery
Set RsUsr = Com.Execute
While Not RsUsr.EOF
jnJournalDN = RsUsr.fields("distinguishedName")
if jnJournalDN = "" then wscript.echo "No User Found"
if jnJournalDN <> "" and exStoreDN <> "" then
wscript.echo "Can configure"
set exExchangeStore = createobject("CDOEXM.MailboxStoreDB") exStoreDN,,3
wscript.echo "Current Journal Recipient set to " & exExchangeStore.fields("msExchMessageJournalRecipient")
exExchangeStore.fields("msExchMessageJournalRecipient").value = jnJournalDN
set exExchangeStore = nothing
wscript.echo "New Journal Recipient set to " & jnJournalDN
wscript.echo "one of the parameters passed in was not valid the script can't continue"
wscript.echo "use Syntax cscript chjrnrecpv1.vbs servername ""Mailbox Store (servername)"" mailboxalias"
end if


vivek said...

Cool! As an exercise, I took your script and converted it to the Exchange 2007 equivalent. Keep posting awesome content!

Anonymous said...

is there a way to enumerate all storage groups that have jounaling (either envelope, bcc, etc) enabled?? preferably get results to excel spreadsheet

Glen said...

Give this a try it will enumerate all stores in a domain and save it to a csv file on the c:\

Anonymous said...


Is there a way to get results asweb page and send teh web page ....PLease say YES!!! Please!!!