Monday, November 28, 2011

Creating an Out of Office Board using Remote Powershell, Mailtips and the EWS Managed API

Following on from my previous post on using MailTips and one of my other popular posts the FreeBusy board the following script creates an Out of office board that shows in one page peoples out of office status and if the out of office message is turned on it displays the OOF message for that user.Here's a quick picture of what it produces


So how does it work it takes advantage of MailTips within EWS to get the OOF status of a user and what the OOF message is if its set. If you have a large number of users it batches the MailTips request in batches of 100 to ensure the request is successful. To get the list of users to query it takes advantage of using Remote powershell and uses the Get-Mailbox cmdlet.

The following script is setup to work with Office365 but will work OnPremise as well if change around the remote powershell URL.

The following variables are those that need to be configured to run this script

$UserName = "user@domain.com"
$Password = "password"

This is the username and password to use for both the remote powershell connection and it will also be used in the EWS Connection.

$MailboxName = $UserName

This line is setting the Sender email Address for MailTips to the above username if your using UPN's that are different from your SMTP addresses then you will need to change this variable.

$rpRemotePowershell = New-PSSession -ConfigurationName Microsoft.Exchange -ConnectionUri https://ps.outlook.com/powershell -credential $adminCredential  -Authentication Basic -AllowRedirection

If your using this in a OnPrem environment then you need to change the URL and auth to suit your environment currently this is setup to connect to Office365.

I've put a download of this script here the script itself looks like

  1. $UserName = "user@domain.com"  
  2. $Password = "pasdfawrd."  
  3. $mbHash = @{ }  
  4. $MailboxName = $UserName  
  5.   
  6. $batchSize = 100  
  7. $global:oaBoard = ""  
  8.   
  9. $Mailboxes = @()  
  10.   
  11. $cred = New-Object System.Net.NetworkCredential($UserName,$Password)     
  12. $secpassword = ConvertTo-SecureString $Password -AsPlainText -Force  
  13. $adminCredential = New-Object -TypeName System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -argumentlist $UserName,$secpassword     
  14.   
  15. If(Get-PSSession | where-object {$_.ConfigurationName -eq "Microsoft.Exchange"}){  
  16.     write-host "Session Exists"  
  17. }  
  18. else{  
  19.     $rpRemotePowershell = New-PSSession -ConfigurationName Microsoft.Exchange -ConnectionUri https://ps.outlook.com/powershell -credential $adminCredential  -Authentication Basic -AllowRedirection   
  20.     $importresults = Import-PSSession $rpRemotePowershell   
  21. }   
  22.   
  23. get-mailbox -ResultSize unlimited | where-object {$_.HiddenFromAddressListsEnabled -eq $false}  | foreach-object{  
  24.     if ($mbHash.ContainsKey($_.WindowsEmailAddress.ToString()) -eq $false){  
  25.         $mbHash.Add($_.WindowsEmailAddress.ToString(),$_.DisplayName)  
  26.           
  27.     }  
  28.     $emailAddress = $_.WindowsEmailAddress.ToString()  
  29.     $Mailboxes += $emailAddress  
  30. }  
  31.   
  32. $dllpath = "C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange\Web Services\1.1\Microsoft.Exchange.WebServices.dll"  
  33. [void][Reflection.Assembly]::LoadFile($dllpath)  
  34. $service = New-Object Microsoft.Exchange.WebServices.Data.ExchangeService([Microsoft.Exchange.WebServices.Data.ExchangeVersion]::Exchange2010_SP1)  
  35. $service.TraceEnabled = $false  
  36.   
  37. $service.Credentials = $cred  
  38. $service.autodiscoverurl($MailboxName,{$true})  
  39.   
  40. function GetMailTips{  
  41. $mbMailboxFolderURI = New-Object System.Uri($service.url)  
  42. $wrWebRequest = [System.Net.WebRequest]::Create($mbMailboxFolderURI)  
  43. $wrWebRequest.CookieContainer =  New-Object System.Net.CookieContainer
  44. $wrWebRequest.KeepAlive = $false;  
  45. $wrWebRequest.Headers.Set("Pragma""no-cache");  
  46. $wrWebRequest.Headers.Set("Translate""f");  
  47. $wrWebRequest.Headers.Set("Depth""0");  
  48. $wrWebRequest.ContentType = "text/xml";  
  49. $wrWebRequest.ContentLength = $expRequest.Length;  
  50. $wrWebRequest.Timeout = 60000;  
  51. $wrWebRequest.Method = "POST";  
  52. $wrWebRequest.Credentials = $cred  
  53. $bqByteQuery = [System.Text.Encoding]::ASCII.GetBytes($expRequest);  
  54. $wrWebRequest.ContentLength = $bqByteQuery.Length;  
  55. $rsRequestStream = $wrWebRequest.GetRequestStream();  
  56. $rsRequestStream.Write($bqByteQuery, 0, $bqByteQuery.Length);  
  57. $rsRequestStream.Close();  
  58. $wrWebResponse = $wrWebRequest.GetResponse();  
  59. $rsResponseStream = $wrWebResponse.GetResponseStream()  
  60. $sr = new-object System.IO.StreamReader($rsResponseStream);  
  61. $rdResponseDocument = New-Object System.Xml.XmlDocument  
  62. $rdResponseDocument.LoadXml($sr.ReadToEnd());  
  63. $RecipientNodes = @($rdResponseDocument.getElementsByTagName("t:RecipientAddress"))  
  64. $Datanodes = @($rdResponseDocument.getElementsByTagName("t:OutOfOffice"))  
  65. for($ic=0;$ic -lt $RecipientNodes.length;$ic++){  
  66.     if($Datanodes[$ic].ReplyBody.Message -eq ""){  
  67.           
  68.         $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "<tr>"  + "`r`n"  
  69.         $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "<td>" + $mbHash[$RecipientNodes[$ic].EmailAddress] + "</td>"  + "`r`n"  
  70.         $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "<td bgcolor=`"#41A317`">In the Office</td>"  + "`r`n"  
  71.         $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "<td></td>"  + "`r`n"  
  72.         $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "</tr>"  + "`r`n"  
  73.     }  
  74.     else{  
  75.         $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "<tr>"  + "`r`n"  
  76.         $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "<td>" + $mbHash[$RecipientNodes[$ic].EmailAddress] + "</td>"  + "`r`n"  
  77.         $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "<td bgcolor=`"#153E7E`">Out of the Office</td>"  + "`r`n"  
  78.         $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "<td>" + $Datanodes[$ic].ReplyBody.Message  + "</td>" + "`r`n"  
  79.         $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "</tr>"  + "`r`n"  
  80.     }  
  81. }  
  82. }  
  83.   
  84.   
  85. $expHeader = @" 
  86. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> 
  87. <soap:Envelope xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">  
  88. <soap:Header><RequestServerVersion Version="Exchange2010_SP1" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/types" />  
  89. </soap:Header>  
  90. <soap:Body>  
  91. <GetMailTips xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/messages">  
  92. <SendingAs>  
  93. <EmailAddress xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/types">$MailboxName</EmailAddress>  
  94. </SendingAs>  
  95. <Recipients>  
  96. "@  
  97.   
  98. $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "<table><tr bgcolor=`"#95aedc`">" +"`r`n"  
  99. $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "<td align=`"center`" style=`"width=200;`" ><b>User</b></td>" +"`r`n"  
  100. $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "<td align=`"center`" style=`"width=200;`" ><b>Status</b></td>" +"`r`n"  
  101. $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "<td align=`"center`" style=`"width=200;`" ><b>Message</b></td>" +"`r`n"  
  102. $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "</tr>" + "`r`n"  
  103.   
  104. $expRequest = $expHeader  
  105.   
  106. $bCount =0  
  107. foreach($mbMailbox in $Mailboxes){  
  108.     $bCount++  
  109.     $expRequest = $expRequest + "<Mailbox xmlns=`"http://schemas.microsoft.com/exchange/services/2006/types`"><EmailAddress>$mbMailbox</EmailAddress></Mailbox>"   
  110.     if($bCount -eq $batchSize){  
  111.         $expRequest = $expRequest + "</Recipients><MailTipsRequested>OutOfOfficeMessage</MailTipsRequested></GetMailTips></soap:Body></soap:Envelope>"  
  112.         GetMailTips  
  113.         $expRequest = $expHeader  
  114.         $bCount = 0  
  115.     }  
  116. }  
  117. if($bCount -ne 0){  
  118.     $expRequest = $expRequest + "</Recipients><MailTipsRequested>OutOfOfficeMessage</MailTipsRequested></GetMailTips></soap:Body></soap:Envelope>"  
  119.     GetMailTips  
  120. }  
  121. $global:oaBoard = $global:oaBoard + "</table>"  + "  "   
  122. $global:oaBoard | out-file "c:\oofboard.htm"  

4 comments:

Anonymous said...

I'm trying to use this script, all goes wel till line 71:

Session Exists
Exception calling "GetResponse" with "0" argument(s): "the remote server returned an error: (401) not authorized."
At \\[dir]\Desktop\oofboard\oofboard.ps1:71 char:43
+ $wrWebResponse = $wrWebRequest.GetResponse <<<< ();
+ CategoryInfo : NotSpecified: (:) [], MethodInvocationException
+ FullyQualifiedErrorId : DotNetMethodException

The used account is a domain admin account with impersenation rights properly set.

I'm using it in a onPrem environment and adjusted the URL.

Any ideas to get this work?

Thnx

Glen said...

Add this line

$wrWebRequest.CookieContainer = New-Object System.Net.CookieContainer

after

$wrWebRequest = [System.Net.WebRequest]::Create($mbMailboxFolderURI)

Also make sure your using the UPN as the username although i suspect that's working and it just the cookie that causing the problems.

Cheers
Glen

Anonymous said...

I am running into the issue: Exception calling "GetResponse" with "0" argument(s): "The remote server returned an error: (401) Unauthorized."
At C:\_craigdevstuff\oofboard.ps1:70 char:43
+ $wrWebResponse = $wrWebRequest.GetResponse <<<< ();
+ CategoryInfo : NotSpecified: (:) [], MethodInvocationException
+ FullyQualifiedErrorId : DotNetMethodException

The account is a domain account - this is on premise. I have added the CookieContainer line as well.

Any ideas what the issue might be?

Scott Miller said...

I had to change the install location of Exchange web services, but it's working fine after that. The new location is."C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange\Web Services\2.2"