Skip to main content

Enumerating the devices registered via ActiveSync on all mailboxes on a server via a script

There are a bunch of tools around to get information about devices that are in use via Active sync such as the ActiveSync administration tool and also this method of using the logs that was blogged about on the Exchange Team blog. But if your after another method of enumerating all the devices in all mailboxes on a server here's something that might help out.

The script works by using WebDAV and the Exadmin virtual directory (which means you won’t need full rights to everybody’s mailbox to run this script just delegated Exchange administration rights). To work out what path to use the script first queries for the default recipient policy in a domain and retrieves the default SMTP address within that policy. This is used to build the path for the Exadmin virtual directory. Another ADSI query then queries for all mailboxes on a server and then feeds the name of these mailboxes into a function those queries for the ActiveSync folder within each mailbox. The script first searches the non_ipm_subtree of a mailbox to see if the Microsoft-Server-ActiveSync exists on that mailbox. If the folder is found another query is then done to enumerate the folders under that Microsoft-Server-ActiveSync folder. This will usually be PocketPC or Smartphone depending on the type of devices being used a search of any folders that are found is done which should then find a folder for each device that has been registered. Finally a search of the device folder is done to show the Sync files that are listed under that folder and what dates they where last modified. All the information that the searches recovered is then put together into a HTML table which is then written to a file located in the c:\temp folder called asreport.htm

To run the script it takes one command line parameter which is the name of the server you want to run it against (eg cscript showasyncv2.vbs servername). By default the script isn’t using SSL which may mean you need to adjust the following line if you are using SSL on the ExAdmin Directory

Eg change

falias = "http://" & servername & "/exadmin/admin/" & dpDefaultpolicy & "/mbx/"

to

falias = "https://" & servername & "/exadmin/admin/" & dpDefaultpolicy & "/mbx/"

I’ve put a downloadable copy of the script here the code itself looks like


servername = wscript.arguments(0)
set shell = createobject("wscript.shell")
strValueName =
"HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\TimeZoneInformation\ActiveTimeBias"
minTimeOffset = shell.regread(strValueName)
toffset = datediff("h",DateAdd("n", minTimeOffset, now()),now())

report = "<table border=""1"" width=""100%"">" & vbcrlf
report = report & " <tr>" & vbcrlf
report = report & "<td align=""center"" bgcolor=""#000080""><b><font
color=""#FFFFFF"">DisplayName</font></b></td>" & vbcrlf
report = report & "<td align=""center"" bgcolor=""#000080""><b><font
color=""#FFFFFF"">Email Address</font></b></td>" & vbcrlf
report = report & "<td align=""center"" bgcolor=""#000080""><b><font
color=""#FFFFFF"">Device Type</font></b></td>" & vbcrlf
report = report & "<td align=""center"" bgcolor=""#000080""><b><font
color=""#FFFFFF"">Device ID</font></b></td>" & vbcrlf
report = report & "<td align=""center"" bgcolor=""#000080""><b><font
color=""#FFFFFF"">FolderSync</font></b></td>" & vbcrlf
report = report & "<td align=""center"" bgcolor=""#000080""><b><font
color=""#FFFFFF"">ContactSync</font></b></td>" & vbcrlf
report = report & "<td align=""center"" bgcolor=""#000080""><b><font
color=""#FFFFFF"">CalendarSync</font></b></td>" & vbcrlf
report = report & "<td align=""center"" bgcolor=""#000080""><b><font
color=""#FFFFFF"">autdstate.xml</font></b></td>" & vbcrlf
report = report & "</tr>" & vbcrlf
set req = createobject("microsoft.xmlhttp")
set com = createobject("ADODB.Command")
set conn = createobject("ADODB.Connection")
Set iAdRootDSE = GetObject("LDAP://RootDSE")
strNameingContext = iAdRootDSE.Get("configurationNamingContext")
strDefaultNamingContext = iAdRootDSE.Get("defaultNamingContext")
Conn.Provider = "ADsDSOObject"
Conn.Open "ADs Provider"
polQuery = "<LDAP://" & strNameingContext &
">;(&(objectCategory=msExchRecipientPolicy)(cn=Default
Policy));distinguishedName,gatewayProxy;subtree"
svcQuery = "<LDAP://" & strNameingContext &
">;(&(objectCategory=msExchExchangeServer)(cn=" & Servername &
"));cn,name,legacyExchangeDN;subtree"
Com.ActiveConnection = Conn
Com.CommandText = polQuery
Set plRs = Com.Execute
while not plRs.eof
for each adrobj in plrs.fields("gatewayProxy").value
if instr(adrobj,"SMTP:") then dpDefaultpolicy = replace(adrobj,"SMTP:@","")
next
plrs.movenext
wend
wscript.echo dpDefaultpolicy
Com.CommandText = svcQuery
Set Rs = Com.Execute
while not rs.eof
GALQueryFilter = "(&(&(&(& (mailnickname=*)(!msExchHideFromAddressLists=TRUE)(|
(&(objectCategory=person)(objectClass=user)(msExchHomeServerName=" &
rs.fields("legacyExchangeDN") & ")) )))))"
strQuery = "<LDAP://" & strDefaultNamingContext & ">;" & GALQueryFilter &
";displayname,mail,distinguishedName,mailnickname,proxyaddresses;subtree"
com.Properties("Page Size") = 100
Com.CommandText = strQuery
Set Rs1 = Com.Execute
while not Rs1.eof
falias = "http://" & servername & "/exadmin/admin/" & dpDefaultpolicy & "/mbx/"
for each paddress in rs1.fields("proxyaddresses").value
if instr(paddress,"SMTP:") then falias = falias & replace(paddress,"SMTP:","") &
"/non_ipm_subtree"
next
wscript.echo falias
SerachAsync(falias)
rs1.movenext
wend
rs.movenext
wend
rs.close
set conn = nothing
set com = nothing
report = report & "</table>" & vbcrlf
Set fso = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
set wfile = fso.opentextfile("c:\temp\asreport.htm",2,true)
wfile.write report
wfile.close
set wfile = nothing
set fso = nothing

wscript.echo "Done"

sub SerachAsync(furl)
strQuery = "<?xml version=""1.0""?><D:searchrequest xmlns:D = ""DAV:"" >"
strQuery = strQuery & "<D:sql>SELECT
""http://schemas.microsoft.com/mapi/proptag/x3001001E"""
strQuery = strQuery & " FROM scope('shallow traversal of """
strQuery = strQuery & furl & """') Where ""DAV:ishidden"" = False AND
""DAV:isfolder"" = True AND "
strQuery = strQuery & """http://schemas.microsoft.com/mapi/proptag/x3001001E"" =
'Microsoft-Server-ActiveSync'</D:sql></D:searchrequest>"
req.open "SEARCH", furl, false
req.setrequestheader "Content-Type", "text/xml"
req.setRequestHeader "Translate","f"
on error resume next
req.send strQuery
if err.number <> 0 then wscript.echo err.description
on error goto 0
If req.status >= 500 Then
ElseIf req.status = 207 Then
set oResponseDoc = req.responseXML
set oNodeList = oResponseDoc.getElementsByTagName("d:x3001001E")
if oNodeList.length <> 0 then
wscript.echo "Active-Sync Folder Exists"
displayAyncSub(furl & "/Microsoft-Server-ActiveSync")
else
wscript.echo "No Active-Sync Folder"
end if
Else
End If

end sub

sub displayAyncSub(furl)

strQuery = "<?xml version=""1.0""?><D:searchrequest xmlns:D = ""DAV:"" >"
strQuery = strQuery & "<D:sql>SELECT
""http://schemas.microsoft.com/mapi/proptag/x3001001E"""
strQuery = strQuery & " FROM scope('shallow traversal of """
strQuery = strQuery & furl & """') Where ""DAV:ishidden"" = False AND
""DAV:isfolder"" = True</D:sql></D:searchrequest>"
req.open "SEARCH", furl, false
req.setrequestheader "Content-Type", "text/xml"
req.setRequestHeader "Translate","f"
on error resume next
req.send strQuery
if err.number <> 0 then wscript.echo err.description
on error goto 0
If req.status >= 500 Then
ElseIf req.status = 207 Then
set oResponseDoc = req.responseXML
set oNodeList = oResponseDoc.getElementsByTagName("d:x3001001E")
for each node in oNodeList
call displaydeviceSub(furl & "/" & node.text,node.text)
next
Else
End If
end sub

sub displaydeviceSub(furl,fname)

strQuery = "<?xml version=""1.0""?><D:searchrequest xmlns:D = ""DAV:"" >"
strQuery = strQuery & "<D:sql>SELECT
""http://schemas.microsoft.com/mapi/proptag/x3001001E"""
strQuery = strQuery & " FROM scope('shallow traversal of """
strQuery = strQuery & furl & """') Where ""DAV:ishidden"" = False AND
""DAV:isfolder"" = True</D:sql></D:searchrequest>"
req.open "SEARCH", furl, false
req.setrequestheader "Content-Type", "text/xml"
req.setRequestHeader "Translate","f"
on error resume next
req.send strQuery
if err.number <> 0 then wscript.echo err.description
on error goto 0
If req.status >= 500 Then
ElseIf req.status = 207 Then
set oResponseDoc = req.responseXML
set oNodeList = oResponseDoc.getElementsByTagName("d:x3001001E")
for each node in oNodeList
report = report & "<tr>" & vbcrlf
report = report & "<td align=""center"">" & rs1.fields("displayname") &
"&nbsp;</td>" & vbcrlf
report = report & "<td align=""center"">" & rs1.fields("mail") & "&nbsp;</td>" &
vbcrlf
report = report & "<td align=""center"">" & fname & "&nbsp;</td>" & vbcrlf
report = report & "<td align=""center"">" & node.text & "&nbsp;</td>" & vbcrlf
report = report & finditems(furl & "/" & node.text)
report = report & "</tr>" & vbcrlf
next
Else
End If
end sub

function finditems(furl)

hascalsyc = 0
hasfolsyc = 0
hasconsyc = 0
hasautd = 0
rback = ""
strQuery = "<?xml version=""1.0""?><D:searchrequest xmlns:D = ""DAV:"" >"
strQuery = strQuery & "<D:sql>SELECT ""DAV:displayname"",
""DAV:getlastmodified"""
strQuery = strQuery & " FROM scope('shallow traversal of """
strQuery = strQuery & furl & """') Where ""DAV:isfolder"" =
False</D:sql></D:searchrequest>"
req.open "SEARCH", furl, false
req.setrequestheader "Content-Type", "text/xml"
req.setRequestHeader "Translate","f"
on error resume next
req.send strQuery
if err.number <> 0 then wscript.echo err.description
on error goto 0
rem wscript.echo req.responsetext
If req.status >= 500 Then
ElseIf req.status = 207 Then
set oResponseDoc = req.responseXML
set oNodeList = oResponseDoc.getElementsByTagName("a:displayname")
set oNodemodlist = oResponseDoc.getElementsByTagName("a:getlastmodified")
wscript.echo oNodeList.length
for i = 1 to oNodeList.length
set onode = oNodeList.nextNode
set onode1 = oNodemodlist.nextNode
select case lcase(onode.text)
case "calendarsyncfile" hascalsyc = 1
hascalsycval = DateAdd("h",toffset,(left(replace(replace(onode1.text,"T","
"),"Z",""),19)))
case "foldersyncfile" hasfolsyc = 1
hasfolsycval = DateAdd("h",toffset,(left(replace(replace(onode1.text,"T","
"),"Z",""),19)))
case "contactssyncfile" hasconsyc = 1
hasconsycval = DateAdd("h",toffset,(left(replace(replace(onode1.text,"T","
"),"Z",""),19)))
case "autdstate.xml" hasautd = 1
hasautdval = DateAdd("h",toffset,(left(replace(replace(onode1.text,"T","
"),"Z",""),19)))
end select
next
Else
End If
wscript.echo hasfolsyc
if hasfolsyc = 1 then
rback = rback & "<td align=""center"">" & hasfolsycval & "&nbsp;</td>" & vbcrlf
else
rback = rback & "<td align=""center"">No&nbsp;</td>" & vbcrlf
end if
if hasconsyc = 1 then
rback = rback & "<td align=""center"">" & hasconsycval & "&nbsp;</td>" & vbcrlf
else
rback = rback & "<td align=""center"">No&nbsp;</td>" & vbcrlf
end if
if hascalsyc <> 0 then
rback = rback & "<td align=""center"">" & hascalsycval & "&nbsp;</td>" & vbcrlf
else
rback = rback & "<td align=""center"">No&nbsp;</td>" & vbcrlf
end if
if hasautd <> 0 then
rback = rback & "<td align=""center"">" & hasautdval & "&nbsp;</td>" & vbcrlf
else
rback = rback & "<td align=""center"">No&nbsp;</td>" & vbcrlf
end if
finditems = rback
end function

Popular posts from this blog

How to test SMTP using Opportunistic TLS with Powershell and grab the public certificate a SMTP server is using

Most email services these day employ Opportunistic TLS when trying to send Messages which means that wherever possible the Messages will be encrypted rather then the plain text legacy of SMTP.  This method was defined in RFC 3207 "SMTP Service Extension for Secure SMTP over Transport Layer Security" and  there's a quite a good explanation of Opportunistic TLS on Wikipedia  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opportunistic_TLS .  This is used for both Server to Server (eg MTA to MTA) and Client to server (Eg a Message client like Outlook which acts as a MSA) the later being generally Authenticated. Basically it allows you to have a normal plain text SMTP conversation that is then upgraded to TLS using the STARTTLS verb. Not all servers will support this verb so if its not supported then a message is just sent as Plain text. TLS relies on PKI certificates and the administrative issue s that come around certificate management like expired certificates which is why I wrote th

A walk-though using the Graph API Mailbox reports in Powershell

Quite recently the Reporting side of the Graph API has moved in GA from beta, there are quite a number of reports that can be run across various Office365 surfaces but in this post I'm going to focus on the Mailbox related ones. Accessing Office365 Reports using Powershell is nothing new and has been available in the previous reporting endpoint  https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/office/jj984326.aspx however from the end of January many of these cmdlets are now being depreciated in favour of the Graph API  https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/office/dn387059.aspx . Prerequisites  In comparison to using the Remote PowerShell cmdlets where only the correct Office365 Admin permissions where needed, to use the new Graph API reports endpoint you need to use OAuth for authentication so this requires an Application Registration  https://developer.microsoft.com/en-us/graph/docs/concepts/auth_overview  that is then given the correct oAuth Grants to use the Reports EndPoin

Downloading a shared file from Onedrive for business using Powershell

I thought I'd quickly share this script I came up with to download a file that was shared using One Drive for Business (which is SharePoint under the covers) with Powershell. The following script takes a OneDrive for business URL which would look like https://mydom-my.sharepoint.com/personal/gscales_domain_com/Documents/Email%20attachments/filename.txt This script is pretty simple it uses the SharePoint CSOM (Client side object Model) which it loads in the first line. It uses the URI object to separate the host and relative URL which the CSOM requires and also the SharePointOnlineCredentials object to handle the Office365 SharePoint online authentication. The following script is a function that take the OneDrive URL, Credentials for Office365 and path you want to download the file to and downloads the file. eg to run the script you would use something like ./spdownload.ps1 ' https://mydom-my.sharepoint.com/personal/gscales_domain_com/Documents/Email%20attachments/filena
All sample scripts and source code is provided by for illustrative purposes only. All examples are untested in different environments and therefore, I cannot guarantee or imply reliability, serviceability, or function of these programs.

All code contained herein is provided to you "AS IS" without any warranties of any kind. The implied warranties of non-infringement, merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose are expressly disclaimed.